The 5 things you need to know about the 2017 Nissan X-Trail
How does the X-Trail’s Intelligent 4×4 system work?
The 4WD X-Trail comes with Nissan’s ‘Intelligent 4×4’ system. Controlled by the driver using a simple centre console-mounted rotary dial, Intelligent 4×4 has three settings: 2WD mode, AUTO mode and LOCK mode.
In 2WD mode, 100% of the engine’s drive is transferred to the X-Trail front wheels, making it the most economical mode for normal driving conditions. If the vehicle detects a loss of traction, the system will automatically engage all-wheel drive to assist the driver in these conditions. In AUTO mode, the system continually monitors all four wheels and instantly distributes torque between them. The LOCK mode permanently engages the drive power to the rear wheels, delivering a 50:50 torque split between the front and rear. The LOCK mode operates at speeds below 40km/h. Above this speed, the system reverts to AUTO mode.
Both 2WD and 4WD variants of the X-Trail come fitted with Hill Start assist (HSA), which automatically keeps the vehicle’s brakes applied when taking off from an incline to help prevent the driver from rolling backwards. 4WD-equipped X-TRAIL variants are equipped with Hill Descent Control (HDC), which uses the car’s ABS braking system to control the X-TRAIL’s speed at approximately 7km/h when traversing particularly steep downhill terrain.
The X-Trail measures 4690mm long, 1820mm wide and 1740mm high, its wheelbase is 2705mm, its running ground clearance measures 210mm and the approach angle is 25.1 degrees and the departure angle 17.1 degrees.