Toyota to end manufacturing in 2017
So much for the “death of a thousand cuts”; Toyota pulls the plug and declares the end of automobile manufacturing in Australia and something like 44,000 jobs.
FACING THE INEVITABLE CONSEQUENCES of the Abbott government’s decision to axe subsidies, Toyota declared its intention to abandon local manufacturing in 2017. The world’s largest car maker and best-selling brand in Australia for the past 11 years, will transition to becoming solely a vehicle importer.
Toyota Australia boss Max Yasuda said he was “devastated” by the news, blaming the decision on low tariffs, new free trade agreements, the high Australian dollar and high labour costs.
“This is devastating news for all of our employees who have dedicated their lives to the company during the past 50 years,” he said.
“We did everything that we could to transform our business but the reality is that there are too many factors beyond our control that make it unviable to build cars in Australia.”
Insiders suggest the decision became inevitable once Holden announced it would cease local manufacturing.
The decision will directly cost 2500 jobs (Toyota currently employs around 4000, but not all jobs will go) and thousands more in the component, parts and ancillary industries. Professor John Spoehr of the University of Adelaide suggests Toyota’s decision represents “the collapse of the automotive industry” in Australia and will affect 100,000 workers nationwide.
The prime minister was unrepentant and adamant that government grants wouldn’t have saved the industry and that now is the time to move on with the alternatives, although he was rather vague about what those “alternatives” might be, suggesting only that Toyota’s workforce could move “from good jobs to better jobs” in the long run.
“It’s not as if the government could have leapt in at the eleventh hour and said here’s another hundred million or two hundred million dollars, please, please stay,” Abbott told ABC Radio on Tuesday. “We’ve tried that with the motor industry. It hasn’t worked, and the best thing now is to focus on things that we can do and which are profitable.”
Victorian premier Denis Napthine will fly to Canberra on Tuesday to seek support for workers left jobless by Toyota’s decision. He will discuss with the prime minister how to create jobs through infrastructure and other projects the government is not yet involved in but could fund in the medium term. Meanwhile, in South Australia premier Jay Wetherill called on the prime minister to reconsider South Australia’s Jobs Plan in light of Toyota’s decision to follow Holden out of local manufacturing.
“If Mr Abbott thinks that $60 million shared with Victoria is enough to support workers and maintain economic activity, he is sorely mistaken,” he said.
There are at least 14 South Australian companies supplying Toyota (mostly in the component supply chain) with around 700 staff between them, but union sources predict between 4000 and 7000 jobs could be affected in South Australia. Coming on top of Holden’s decision to cease production, Professor Spoehr predicts job losses in SA will spike from 12,000 up to 16,000.
Read Toyota’s press release announcing its plan to cease production by 2017:
TOYOTA AUSTRALIA ANNOUNCES FUTURE PLAN FOR LOCAL MANUFACTURING
Toyota Australia today announced that it will stop building cars in Australia by the end of 2017 and become a national sales and distribution company.
This means that local manufacturing of the Camry, Camry Hybrid and Aurion vehicles, as well as the production of four cylinder engines, will cease by the end of 2017.
The decision was not based on any single factor. The market and economic factors contributing to the decision include the unfavourable Australian dollar that makes exports unviable, high costs of manufacturing and low economies of scale for our vehicle production and local supplier base.
Together with one of the most open and fragmented automotive markets in the world and increased competitiveness due to current and future Free Trade Agreements, it is not viable to continue building cars in Australia.
Toyota Australia President and CEO, Max Yasuda, was joined by Toyota Motor Corporation President and CEO, Akio Toyoda, as he made the announcement to employees late this afternoon.
“This is devastating news for all of our employees who have dedicated their lives to the company during the past 50 years,” Mr Yasuda said.
“While we have been undertaking the enormous task of transforming our business during the past two years, our people have joined us on the same journey, which makes it even more difficult to announce this decision
“We did everything that we could to transform our business, but the reality is that there are too many factors beyond our control that make it unviable to build cars in Australia.
“Although the company has made profits in the past, our manufacturing operations have continued to be loss making despite our best efforts.
“Our focus will now be to work with our employees, suppliers, government and the unions as we transition to a national sales and distribution company. Support services will be available to our employees and we will do everything that we can to minimise the impact of this decision on our employees and suppliers.”
Mr Yasuda said approximately 2,500 employees directly involved with manufacturing will be impacted when the plant stops building cars in 2017.
There will also be an impact on the company’s corporate divisions, which will be studied over the coming months to determine what roles and functions will remain in the future.
Mr Yasuda said that Toyota was also committed to providing support to the industry as it prepares for the end of vehicle manufacturing in Australia.
“We will work with our key stakeholders to determine how to provide the best support to our employees, suppliers and local communities during the coming years,” Mr Yasuda said.
“Not only do we need to ensure our local suppliers and employees can plan for their future, we also need to make sure that we continue to produce high quality vehicles and engines for our domestic and export customers.”
Toyota Australia will continue to be involved in its local communities and employ thousands of people both directly and indirectly via its extensive dealership network.
It is the company’s intention to import the Camry and Aurion vehicles beyond 2017, along with the entire range of Toyota passenger and commercial vehicles.